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  • Are your students taking chemistry to the next level? (Draft)
    Do you teach chemistry to A Level, Higher or Leaving Certificate students in the UK or Ireland? If you do, we need your help with a short survey about your students' degere choices. We're seeing a downward trend in applications to study chemistry at university that isn't fully explained by any change in entries to pre-degree qualifications. We'd like ... more...
  • Why do we approve our own training courses? (Draft)
    As a professional body, we encourage all of our members to develop their technical and professional skills by undertaking continuing professional development (CPD). This can take many forms including formal, structured training courses. To help our members decide on valuable and appropriate training for their needs, we started a programme to ... more...
Overwhelmed by the available chemistry resources? Looking for new chemistry teaching ideas? Elementary Articles is the place for chemistry, education, and everything else.

Learn Chemistry websiteElementary Articles is the official blog for the RSC's Learn Chemistry - your home for chemistry education resources and activities.


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Latest Posts

If you have been reading Education in Chemistry recently you may be aware that we have been developing a series of new courses for teachers. The Developing expertise in teaching chemistry courses have online and face-to-face components designed to complement each other.
Today we are launching Quantitative chemistry, the first online course in our new series, which covers topics such as conservation of mass, chemical equations, understanding the mole and titrations. This  course can be accessed free of charge, for a limited time, all you need to do is create a RSC ID when prompted. We asked some teachers to take a sneak peek of the course and we are very pleased with the feedback, Dr. Debbie Moore from Weatherhead High School described it as; "An invaluable teacher and teaching resource; easy-to-use, informative and inspiring".
Screenshot from the new Quantitative chemistry online CPD for teachers course
The Developing expertise in teaching chemistry series will be composed of 14 courses, each one designed to consider how students’ ideas about a particular area of chemistry develop and in doing so identify and address specific student misconceptions.
We will follow the launch of Quantitative chemistry with four more online courses throughout 2014. The face-to-face versions of the courses are also undergoing a phased launch throughout 2014 and 2015.
We have focused on developing online courses, as well as face-to-face, as we know that it is not always easy to find time to attend courses in person. While an online course cannot replace face-to-face training there are a number of advantages. These include being able to dip in and out of content at your own pace and the flexibility to try out strategies and activities in your own classroom while working through the course. Our online courses are globally relevant and accessible to all.
Visit the new homepage for the Developing expertise in chemistry series or go directly to the Quantitative chemistry page to get started today. As always we love to hear from you so if you have any feedback please get in touch at

Posted by Stephanie Musson on Jun 2, 2014 10:41 AM BST
It is my pleasure to share the latest experiment on Learn Chemistry: The Global Experiment 2014.
Due to high demand we have grown our Global Experiment portfolio. This year the Global Experiment 2014 is themed ‘the art of crystallisation’.

By taking part you will get participants learning about dissolving, saturation and crystal growth. We have provided thorough instruction packs, lesson plans and a ‘how to video’ so we have made life as simple as possible when planning to take part.
The aim of the experiment is a compare your data with those around the world to see if there is a difference regionally or internationally in the size or shape of your crystals.
Taking part is simple as the experiment uses non-specialised equipment. It allows you to compare the difference between five readily available samples. But don’t worry if you do have trouble sourcing all the samples you can still take part with less.
This year we really want to maximise the feeling of collaboration when taking part in the experiment and so have added several new features to the data posting page:
  • The ‘how to video’ now contains captions for international users
  • Twitter is retained so please tell us about your experiment
  • There is a new social media feature – a Pinterest carousel. So if you submit a picture along with your data you could feature on the RSC Global Experiment website. We hope to get lots of really artistic crystal images and happy participants
  • This year we really want to push to global nature of the experiment and so have teamed up with the International Union of Crystallography. Together and with this experiment we hope everyone can take part in the International year of crystallography.
 Please take part and don’t forget to post your data to help make this another really successful Global Experiment.
Note the Global Experiment 2014 and 2013 will remain open to data posting for the foreseeable future so you can plan this into your lessons accordingly.
Please also regularly check the Collaborative Chemistry website as we regularly update this page with other experiments and citizen science activities selected from around the Web to help you Learn Chemistry.

Posted by Lee Page on May 30, 2014 5:39 PM BST
Following on from my blog two months ago about our sponsorship of PhET simulations, our final instalment is now live on Learn Chemistry!

This time acid-base solutions, pH scale: basics and pH scale have been transformed from flash animations to HTML5, so they are compatible with all mobile and tablet devices.

Acid-base solutions can be used using the following starter ideas:

How do strong and weak acids differ? Use lab tools on your computer to find out! Dip the paper or the probe into solution to measure the pH, or put in the electrodes to measure the conductivity. Then see how concentration and strength affect pH. Can a weak acid solution have the same pH as a strong acid solution?

And pH scale is suitable for middle school students up to high school with different tabs for each one within the simulation. pH: basics takes the middle school level as a simulation of its own. Use the suggestions below to start your investigation of pH.

Test the pH of things like coffee, spit, and soap to determine whether each is acidic, basic, or neutral. Visualize the relative number of hydroxide ions and hydronium ions in solution. Switch between logarithmic and linear scales. Investigate whether changing the volume or diluting with water affects the pH. Or you can design your own liquid!

We have been exceptionally pleased with these internationally popular simulations. In the future we will be adding into Learn Chemistry links to all the other chemistry PhET simulations!

Enjoy your exploration!
Posted by Alexandra Kersting on May 23, 2014 1:48 PM BST
Have you got a brilliant idea for teaching science? If so, you could win  up to £15,000 to show that it works.
Let Teachers SHINE is a national competition run by SHINE and TES to find some of the country’s most innovative teachers. They’re looking for truly original ways to raise attainment in literacy, numeracy and science. The submission deadline is 27th April.

The competition is free to enter and open to any teacher working in England. Up to 10 winning projects will be chosen by a panel of judges from SHINE, TES and our corporate supporters. Each one will then receive a grant of up to £15,000. This money will fund a year-long pilot to prove that it can achieve real  improvements in the attainment levels of disadvantaged students. The most successful initiatives may then receive further funding from SHINE and the Esmée Fairbairn Foundation. To find out more, visit
It would be brilliant if there were plenty of innovative ideas submitted to this competition about raising attainment in chemistry!
Posted by Lee Page on Apr 2, 2014 9:26 AM BST
The Royal Society of Chemistry and Learn Chemistry are proud to sponsor the conversion of five PhET simulations from flash into HTML5. This means they will play now also nicely on a range of tablets and mobile devices, as well as desktop computers. They are also being updated, bringing their designs into 2014 too! The first simulations released from our partnership are Build an Atom, Beer’s Law and Concentration. These simulations are popular with teachers around the world due to the minimal language barrier and those with language included are rapidly translated by PhETs very active community.

      Beer's Law simulation

                            Build an Atom simulation

 Concentration simulation

But why? I think PhET can explain it really well in their own words:

PhET provides fun, interactive, research-based simulations of physical phenomena for free. We believe that our research-based approach- incorporating findings from prior research and our own testing- enables students to make connections between real-life phenomena and the underlying science, deepening their understanding and appreciation of the physical world.

The PhET simulations can help students visually comprehend the concepts by using animations to bring the invisible to life - Build an Atom and Build a Molecule (flash) in particular. Simulations can be explored in a freeform fashion using drag-and-drop, sliding and measurement instruments such as rulers, pH meters and thermometers. The user affects the responses immediately thus demonstrating cause and effect relationships.

All PhET animations are free to use and more can be found on their website. Look out for more RSC sponsored simulations in the next few months (pH and Acid-Base solutions)…!
Posted by Alexandra Kersting on Mar 24, 2014 5:02 PM GMT

At the Royal Society of Chemistry we have been working to develop a series of online professional development courses that complement our face to face courses and can be accessed via our new online platform.
We need your help to test it out - your honest feedback will help us to ensure that these courses are as useful as possible.
Enter the prize draw by reviewing the Quantitative Chemistry module and completing our feedback survey by midnight on the 24th of March 2014.
Thank you for your time and input, and good luck!
Additional information
To access the course you will be asked to set up a RSC ID – this is free and very easy to do.
Please use Chrome or Firefox to view the course while we iron out a couple of technical issues with how some aspects of the course are displayed in other browsers.
All fully completed surveys submitted before midnight on the 24th of March will be entered into the prize draw for a chance to win the Kindle Fire HD.
Link to course:
Link to survey:
Terms and Conditions
  1. Talk Chemistry teachers have the opportunity to enter the free prize draw for the chance to win a Kindle Fire HD (the “Prize”).
  2. To enter the prize draw, complete the survey as described above.
  3. The prize draw closes at midnight on 24th March 2014.
  4. The winner will be chosen at random from all successful entrants after the closing date.
  5. The winner will be notified by email within one week of the closing date of the prize draw.
  6. Within one week of notification the winner is required to email confirmation of their postal address and acceptance of the Prize to the Promoter. In the event that the winner does not provide the required confirmation within one week the entry may be disqualified and an alternative winner may be chosen.
  7. The Prize will be sent by post on receipt of address confirmation from the winner.
  8. The prize draw is open to all teachers who must have reviewed the course material as described above and have a valid email address.
  9. All entrants must be aged 18 years or over.
  10. Only one entry per person per household.
  11. The Prize cannot be transferred and no cash alternative is available.
  12. The Prize is as stated and is subject to availability. In the event of the Prize being unavailable, an alternative prize of equal value will be provided.
  13. The winner’s details will only be used by the Royal Society of Chemistry for administration of the prize and publication of the prize draw winner as detailed below and for no other purpose.
  14. The winner’s name and country may be displayed on or other social media websites within 28 days of the closing date.
  15. The winner consents to their name and county being disclosed to other entrants on request.
  16. Use of a false name or address will result in disqualification.
  17. Entries not completed in ‎accordance with these terms and conditions will not be accepted. No responsibility is accepted for any entries that are not submitted on time or in full or not received by the Promoter for any reason, such as corrupted web pages.
  18. Employees of Royal Society of Chemistry or any associated companies and immediate members of their families, are not eligible to enter the prize draw.
  19. By entering the prize draw, entrants agree to be bound by the rules and by any other requirements set out in the promotional material.
  20. The decisions of the Promoter will be final and no correspondence will be entered into.
  21. By entering the prize draw, entrants agree to be bound by these terms and conditions, which are governed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales.
  22. In the event that any terms and condition(s) are deemed invalid, illegal or otherwise unenforceable, they shall be severed from these terms and the remaining clauses will remain in force.
Promoter: Royal Society of Chemistry, Thomas Graham House, Cambridge Science Park, Cambs, CB4 0WF.
Kindle devices are given away on behalf of the Royal Society of Chemistry. SARL is not a sponsor of this contest.
Posted by Stephanie Musson on Mar 21, 2014 9:27 AM GMT
It’s been a while since I last blogged, and with good reason! I have busy putting together the RSC’s theme for 2014: Chemistry and Art.
The National Gallery Faces of Chemistry videos, which were released in January, were the first offering. These three videos each focus on a different chemical technique: microscopy, SEM-EDX and chromatography, each looking at the Portrait of Alexander Mornauer. The various techniques have been used to examine the history of the painting and discover that the blue background present when the painting was purchased by the National Gallery, London, was in fact added 300 years after the portrait was originally painted! Watch these videos find out how the scientists at the National Gallery discovered this!
Master of the Mornauer Portrait, Portrait of Alexander Mornauer, about 1464-88, oil on wood, 45.2 x 38.7 cm.  The image on the left shows the painting as it looked when it entered the collection in the early 1990s and the image on the right shows how it looks now, after cleaning. © National Gallery, London

The next release for Chemistry and Art is that of Ionic Magazine whose latest edition has been developed in collaboration with the Royal Society of Chemistry. I’ll let Ionic Magazine explain its focus:

In each issue, Ionic Magazine will publish recent scientific developments within many areas of science that include medicine, nanotechnology, biotechnology, psychology, astronomy alongside many others. These will be current in the literature, and provide a platform for science writers, whether established in their careers, just beginning or perhaps experimenting their capabilities at science communication, to rant and rave about exciting developments within their particular expertise or interests. Beside each article will lay an artist’s representation of that very story. No graph, no figure, no formulae, instead a piece of art constructed from personal interpretation and not scientific representation. They will leave the reader asking more than can be answered. The ultimate goal: a stunning and stimulating collaboration of two traditionally contrasting worlds.

This edition focuses on the recent developments in RSC journals in the field on scientific and conservation discoveries around various types of art. The stories are deftly told without the technical difficulty of the original paper and the images are intriguing representations of the written content – make of them what you will!

We are also developing new educational content of the chemistry behind art, starting with prehistoric cave paintings all the way through to Impressionism. This will be released in batches throughout the year on Learn Chemistry and eventually all will be presented through our new, coming soon, Chemistry and Art microsite! Cave art coming soon!
Throughout the year departments around the RSC will be tailoring their content to fit with the Chemistry and Art theme. Our Cambridge Science Festival and Big Bang Fair stands will be colour themed, EiC and The Mole will have articles relating to Chemistry and Art (January’s Mole already has the story of the Portrait of Alexander Mornauer) and Chemistry World will have a special issue later this year. Thursday’s monthly public lecture at Burlington House sees Helen Storey and Tony Ryan in conversation discussing their Extreme Collaboration. Sold out, it will be streamed live and available after the event – hopefully on Learn Chemistry too!

Posted by Alexandra Kersting on Mar 4, 2014 3:16 PM GMT
It is my pleasure to update Learn Chemistry with a new collection of Higher Education (HE) Resources, The Chemistry Vignettes.
These Screencasts have been provided to the Royal Society of Chemistry to support Undergraduate Learning.

The Chemistry Vignettes Project is the result of a Physical Sciences Centre, Higher Education Academy funded departmental project collaboration between the Chemistry Schools of the University of East Anglia and The University of Southampton to examine the screencasting of first year Chemistry lectures. Vignettes are short, annotated and interactive highlights from chemistry screencasts envisaged as Open Educational Resources.
The resource collection can be found here or are searchable using the key word ‘chemistry + vignettes’ at the top of the Learn Chemistry home page.
You can also view all 69 videos from our Royal Society of Chemistry YouTube playlist or the Higher Education microsite.

The advantage of viewing the Vignettes via Learn Chemistry is that they have been grouped into 15 topics and you can watch these via YouTube embed or downloadable .MP4 file.
The resource topics (in no particular order) are as follows…
·         IR Spectroscopy Theory
·         Acids and Bases
·         Mechanisms of Esters and Amides
·         NMR Theory
·         Transition Metal Fundamentals
·         Synthetic Mechanisms Advanced
·         Electrochemistry
·         Advanced Transition Metal Chemistry
·         Mechanism Theory
·         Physical Chemistry
·         Transition Metal Chemistry
·         Bonding Theory
·         Molecular Orbital Theory
·         Chemistry of the Elements
·         Advanced Physical Chemistry
Posted by Lee Page on Jan 21, 2014 6:14 PM GMT
The Royal Society of Chemistry will be exhibiting at BETT 2014. Come and visit us!

BETT 2014 is taking place at the Excel Centre, in London's Docklands. It begins tomorrow (Wednesday) and ends Saturday 25th. The show is free to attend, and is a key date in the calendar of anyone in education and technology from across Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.

The Learn Chemistry team will be on hand (stand C485) to walk visitors through some of the latest resource and site developments, from 70 new Gridlocks games and new Chemistry of Art videos, to interactive tools for assessment and online CPD. We'll also be sharing some of our plans for 2014, including online experimentation, updates to Higher Education Learn Chemistry, and more.

Come and say hi to Alex, Lee, Stephanie, Alex, and Duncan, and congratulate us (or commiserate with us) following the announcement on Wednesday night of the winner of the BETT award, Free Digital Content category
Posted by Duncan McMillan on Jan 21, 2014 4:49 PM GMT
As I begin planning for the new Royal Society of Chemistry, Global Experiment 2014 (watch out for it later this summer) I found myself looking back fondly over the successful experiment last year which was run 21K times all around the world. Thanks to all who participated and shared all your photos and reports.
 As a result, I do want to share one last story of the experiment from Bowen School Shibalidian of students taking part.
Also as a reminder the Experiment is still open for posting for those still wanting to take part.


 Science events ’Fun with Science’ organized by the Royal Society of Chemistry Beijing Local Section with the help of volunteers from Beijing University of Chemical Technology were on the topic of food and health. We discussed why fruit and vegetables (being packed with vitamins—especially vitamin C—and fibre) are healthier than high fat/high sugar foods like biscuits and cakes—although the students did admit they enjoyed eating the latter as well! But how do we know how much vitamin C is present in different fruits and vegetables? Take tomatoes, sweet red peppers and apples: can you guess which contains the most vitamin C? In “Fun with Science” we didn’t have to guess—we used chemistry to find out!

Armed with tincture of iodine(an antiseptic which can be bought at the local pharmacy), 30 Year 4 Bowen students set out to measure the amounts of vitamin C in weighed amounts of the tomatoes, sweet red peppers and apples. When the dark brown tincture of iodine solution is added drop by drop to a solution containing vitamin C it undergoes a chemical reaction which turns it colourless. However if the solution also contains cornstarch, when the vitamin C has all been used up the next drop of iodine solution reacts with the starch to make a dark blue–black colour.

The students had great fun mashing up their samples of fruit and vegetables to release the vitamin C and after dissolving it in water and adding starch solution, carefully counting the number of drops of tincture of iodine they had to add to the rapidly stirred solution before it went blue–black. And what was the result? They found that the apple needed slightly more drops of iodine solution than the tomato before the solution went blue–black, but the sweet red pepper needed many more drops, showing that the vitamin C content of the pepper is much higher than that of apples or tomatoes.

But although the students now knew red pepper contained the most vitamin C, they still didn’t know exactly how much—how many milligrams (mg) of vitamin C are contained in one gram (g) of fruit or vegetable. To do this they needed to react their iodine solution with what we call a “standard solution”—one containing a known amount of vitamin C. Fortunately vitamin C tablets contain exactly 1000 mg of vitamin C, so by dissolving one tablet in 1000 milliliters (mL) of water they were able to make a standard solution containing 1 mg of vitamin C in every mL of solution. 
Using this solution they could then find out find out how many mg of vitamin C correspond to each drop of iodine solution and finally calculate the amounts of vitamin C in their samples. The average results for the class were:
Tomato                     0.19 mg/g
Apple                        0.22 mg/g 
Sweet red pepper    0.72 mg/g

This was a special “Fun with Science” session because it was part of the Royal Society of Chemistry’s Global Experiment for 2013. Children from hundreds of schools all around the world have carried out the same experiment and uploaded their results onto the Royal Society of Chemistry website. So now Bowen School Shibalidian is really on the map!
Every pupil who takes part in the Global Experiment and submits their data receives a certificate from the Royal
Society of Chemistry, and the Bowen students were delighted to receive theirs at the end of the experiment—just like their fellow students all over the world.
The Royal Society of Chemistry’s General Manager for China Dr. Amy Lam and Chair of the Beijing Local Section Prof. David Evans and the team of volunteers (below) presented certificates.

Posted by Lee Page on Jan 21, 2014 4:27 PM GMT
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