Overwhelmed by the available chemistry resources? Looking for new chemistry teaching ideas? Elementary Articles is the place for chemistry, education, and everything else.

Learn Chemistry websiteElementary Articles is the official blog for the RSC's Learn Chemistry - your home for chemistry education resources and activities.

 

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The aspirin screen experiment is a freely available digital resource. The interactive tool enables students to undertake an aspirin synthesis, perform recrystallisations, thin layer chromatography and modify experimental conditions to determine the effect on yield.




This interactive resource introduces students to the aspirin synthesis and coaches them through the steps needed to complete a class practical.
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00001644/aspirin-screen-experiment
 
Many students often report that some practical classes can feel rushed with objective unclear. Teachers often report that if they remind students of practical work completed last week many will not remember the details.  Feedback on our screen experiments to date suggests it does increases student’s familiarity with the procedure and therefore save precious class time.
 
The synthesis of aspirin is an example of an organic chemistry experiment which is a key requirement for key stage 5 (A-Level / BTEC) across all specifications. We have targeted this experiment as the first of a new kind of educational resource to support real life practical work.
 
The resource is divided into four levels, each of which are estimated to take a student approximately 30 minutes to complete either as homework or as an in-class activity.

  

Levels 1 and 2 are ideal pre-lab activities which introduce the experiment and can be repeated by the student anytime. This unique learning opportunity is designed to make it easier for the student to take part in the classroom practical.

Levels 3 and 4 are designed as ideal post-lab activities which allow students to investigate the effects of varying the conditions and reagents in order to optimise the reaction. It is based on real experimental data and is an excellent inquiry tool for students to make guided discoveries.

Built using HTML5 the resource requires no plug-ins or installations. You will need to ensure you are using Chrome, Firefox or Internet Explorer 10 browsers. The product also works on touch screen devices like Android tablets using a chrome browser and iPads.

Students will need to register and log in to the resource. This means that students can save their progress, score points and collect information on their own lab book as well as earn personal badges. These features are expected to increase the likelihood of the student wanting to repeat the activities to improve their skills.

The login user numbers can be shared with teachers so that the teacher can observe completed homework and review the lab books to identify areas requiring more explanation in class. At the end of each level there is a review section for students to reflect on their progress and draw some conclusions. We expect these reviews will be shown to teachers and discussed in more depth in class.

We are currently working on a new screen experiment on the topic of titrations to be released later in 2015. We will also be opening the new screen experiment section of the experimentation hub on Learn Chemistry shortly to reflect this and other available resource from around the web.



Posted by Lee Page on Sep 24, 2014 1:08 PM GMT
Supporting chemistry education is a key aim for the Royal Society of Chemistry. To make sure this aim covers all ages, we are excited by the work we are now doing to extend that support towards primary (5-11) education. 

Chemistry is not often introduced as a seperate discipline at this age range so we have taken the concious decision to support science as a wider subject. We are aiming to work with other organisations, teachers and schools in delivering new resources, materials and support tools that will result in improved science teaching and learning at the primary age range. 

This comes based off recent research which indicates children have developed aspirations towards science, and wider STEM subjects, by the age of 10 and earlier intervention and support is needed to ensure more children aspire to enter scientific careers paths after formal education ends. 

This focus on primary science is an exciting new direction for the work we do in education and will open up new audiences, along with new challenges, to promoting chemistry. We are already directly supporting groups of schools to secure a Primary Science Quality Mark (PSQM) and we are investing into new resources, for primary school teachers, to support how science is taught. 

This new direction is stil at an early stage and more news about our primary science work will be posted in the future. 
Posted by Marc Neesam on Sep 15, 2014 11:38 AM GMT
Do you run an after-school science club? Have you got an idea that will engage people with the chemical sciences? If so, we want to support you.

Objectives of the fund

We launched our Outreach Fund earlier this year to support advocates of chemistry to run events that provide people with an entry point into the chemical sciences. Through the projects that we fund, we want to raise awareness of the place of chemistry in people's everyday lives and develop the science communication skills of people who are already highly trained in chemistry, so that they can champion the chemical sciences , and do our outreach work for us!

Tiers of funding
We have split the fund into 3 tiers. Our small grants go up to £2,000 and enable us to fund a wide range of one off-events and novel ideas. We have already funded some brilliant projects, ranging from demonstration lectures all the way through to air shows
Our medium (£2,000 -£10,000) and large (£10,000 - £50,000) grants are for much larger programmes of activities than may span multiple years. These are yet to open, but we’re excited to see the applications that will come our way.

Application deadlines
We will be open for applications to all 3 tiers of funding on September 8 2014, with a closing date of October 31 2014. I’m happy to chat through any ideas that you may have before you submit an application, so if you want to bring a tried and tested activity to your school, or have always had a niggling idea that think you can make work, then feel free to get in touch at outreach@rsc.org.
Posted by Jonathan Wells on Aug 29, 2014 2:37 PM GMT
The Global Experiment 2014: the art of crystallisation is proving a real success. But credit for this success must be shared with all the teachers, parents and the participants themselves – thank you, and please keep submitting your data.


How to take part in the global experiment
 
The experiment is simple to do as it uses non-specialised equipment and readily available materials. It is ideal for students aged 7-16 as they can investigate the properties of five samples by dissolving, saturating and growing crystals. The experiment has been running for 4 months around the world in schools, homes, science centres and science clubs.
The experiment is available here http://rsc.li/ge2014 and will remain open to new data. So whether you have taken part already or not, have a go and don’t forget to post to our website. So far we have recorded over 12,000 participants across 4 different continents from Miami to Taiwan.
 
One of the best parts of the experiment is the ability to share and discuss your results. Use #globalexperiment on Twitter to share your experiment highlights. This is a great way to share your experiences of the Global Experiment as Ruth Lowe, a teacher from Old Lady’s Catholic College in Lancaster, recently did, following her trip to Uganda:
 
"Experiment data from Uganda
 
We took the alum and the magnesium sulphate with us on the plane but were not allowed to take the potassium nitrate due to its oxidising properties. A student in Kampala bought this for us and put it on the bus to Nyamirama - which is way out in the middle of nowhere.

We conducted the experiment in a laboratory which had just been built - it was therefore, the first time the students at Poullart Des Places Secondary School had used the new laboratory. The students were very conscientious and patient, and were particularly amazed at the amount of sugar which dissolved in the water. They were very pleased to receive their certificates and now proudly display their experiment pictures on the laboratory wall. It is so good to be able to carry out an experiment with basic equipment anywhere in the world”



The Global Experiments are designed to be accessible everywhere and this year we have provided video commentaries and translated instructions in five languages to help even more people take part.
 
So far, when you consider the likely errors due to the non-specialised equipment, the consistency and patterns in the data are looking very good. But don’t trust me – see for yourself! http://rsc.li/ge2014
 
We want to hear from you – do you like the global experiments and have ideas for the future?
 
The success of these collaborative experiments has been so good that we are very keen to do more. Next year’s theme is the International Year of Light and we will shortly be looking to develop a new global experiment. So if any of this has inspired you, whether is it light related or not, we know we do best when we partner with others. So whoever you are, if you have ideas get in touch with us at learn-chemistry@rsc.org.
Posted by Lee Page on Aug 22, 2014 11:56 AM GMT
As I mentioned in my earlier post on our annotated journal articles, research has shown that students can find it difficult to interpret and understand the information in journal articles. This can cause problems when they arrive at university and need to start using journals independently, so we've decided to launch a number of resources aimed at making our publishing activities more accessible to those studying chemistry at a variety of levels. 

We want to make sure that students at university are aware of the range of topics covered by our journals, and know what sort of information they'll find in them. So, we started our new journal of the month resources series.



Every month a new journal is selected by publishing and made into a resource. The resource contains an introduction to the journal written by the editor, and several handpicked articles that are available for free for that month. We hope that by highlighting our journals in this way we’ll be able to increase awareness of the variety of topics covered by our journals, and give students more of an understanding about what to expect in a journals.




We’re always happy to hear ideas for other resources that benefit students and educators in Higher Education. So if you have any questions or an idea for a useful resource please contact Learn Chemistry.
Posted by Rachel Purser-Lowman on Aug 11, 2014 9:27 AM GMT
This year, to make our Global Experiment truly global, we’ve produced translations of the instructions. They’re available on Learn Chemistry in ArabicChinese (Simplified)FrenchPortuguese (Brazil) and Russian, to help students around the world answer the question:

What are the best conditions for growing the biggest crystals?
Quais as melhores condições para produzir os maiores cristais?
Quelles sont les conditions idéales favorisant l’obtention des cristaux les plus gros?

什么条件下才能培植出最大的晶体?
Каковы наилучшие условия для выращивания самых больших кристаллов?

ما أفضل الظروف المواتية لتكوين بلورات أكبر؟


We’ve also added subtitles to the ‘How to’ video. To access these, click the caption icon and select your language. The majority of the users of Learn Chemistry are based outside the UK, and these translations are one way that we’re working to support our international users.
 
If you speak any of these languages, or know someone who does, please spread the word – we’re keen to get as many international participants as we can. 
 
YouTube isn’t available in China, so our team in China have added the video to YouKu, the Chinese equivalent, complete with a voiceover. Here’s Lee speaking Mandarin!

Posted by Jenny O'Hare on Aug 6, 2014 12:08 PM GMT
We’re really excited about a new resource which arrived in our office last week- Elements Top TrumpsTM!

You can use the Top TrumpsTM as a fun way to introduce the elements in the periodic table. In the game, players compare numerical properties of the elements. Each of the 30 cards represents an element, and we’ve chosen a mix of common and lesser-known elements for the pack. Each card has data on the element’s melting point, density, price, discovery date and the size of the atom. The cards also have fascinating facts about the elements, illustrated by an image of a use of the element.
 
The game is recommended for children aged 7-14, and can be played by two or more players. We’ve produced the cards in partnership with Winning Moves Ltd, the official makers of Top TrumpsTM.
 
The packs are now available to buy in our online shop individually for £6, or as a pack of six for £36. There’s also a discount of 35% for Royal Society of Chemistry members, taking the cost down to £3.90 per pack. 
 
You can get complimentary Royal Society of Chemistry membership through Learn Chemistry partnership, a free programme that connects you and your school with the world's leading chemistry community.
 
We’re also working on producing resources to help teachers use the cards in class. We’re making one set for teachers of the 7-11 age group, and another set for the 11-14 age group. These should be available on Learn Chemistry in time for the start of the new academic year.


Posted by Jenny O'Hare on Jul 30, 2014 8:46 AM GMT
Research has shown that students can find it difficult to interpret and understand the information in journal articles, which can cause problems when they arrive at university and need to start using journals independently. As an organisation with a market leading journal portfolio and ambitions to encourage the growth of the chemical sciences by the dissemination of chemical knowledge, we decided to tackle this problem by creating an annotated journal article series.

The series is basically a selection of articles from a wide variety of our journals, and from a range of chemistry disciplines, that have been re-written by the authors into a standard accessible format and divided into set sections. The sections include areas such as looking at why the study was important, what procedures were used and what was the overall plan. The articles contain links to glossary terms, ChemSpider entries, related journal articles, books and relevant Learn Chemistry resources, such as videos of techniques, and resources on theory and activities. 



Ideally the articles will be used by students and teachers to enable better access to information in scientific journal articles, and to make students aware of the different ways that they can access information within an article. We have also just commissioned a guide detailing where to find relevant information within any journal article. This will be available as a stand-alone resource, and in addition will be linked to at the correct places from within the annotated article.

The second annotated journal article has just been uploaded, and you can find all of the annotated articles on Learn Chemistry.

This project is still in its infancy so any suggestions or improvements would be great. The selection process for these articles is still very much under review as well, so any ideas on what sort of article you'd like covered in the future, or any criterai we should use, would be welcome too.
Posted by Rachel Purser-Lowman on Jul 21, 2014 12:02 PM GMT
After what feels like a long time in the making, at 10 o’clock this morning, our Chemistry and Art Exhibition (that I mentioned in a previous blog) opened its doors to the public and within 5 minutes of doing so we had our first visitors!

Over the weekend we set up and steadily watched two of our rooms in Burlington House transform into gallery spaces.

          


We have a selection of different artworks from a range of different people and ages, including entries from this year's Bill Bryson Prize which came in all shapes and forms from videos to paintings.


          


We are also really pleased to currently have some of the artwork from three of the different artists from the Insight Radical project in Melbourne, Australia in our possession for these two weeks. 

          


The last sections shown in the photos above are a selection of some of the beautiful images from the 'Through the Lens' feature in our Chemistry World magazine and also some of the work from the ChemArt project down in Bristol ChemLabS outreach department. ChemArt is a really interesting activity where images of scientists’ work, e.g. microscopy images, are sent around to primary schools as a stimulus for creative writing and here at the exhibition we have some of the poetry as well as the corresponding images on display.

 

 

 

The exhibition is in our London building at Burlington House, Piccadilly and is open every weekday for the next two weeks from 10 am to 4 pm and is free entry so why not come along and see it for yourself!

Warning: this exhibition could change your perception of chemistry forever.

 

 

Posted by Geri Kitley on Jul 14, 2014 3:53 PM GMT
The new draft A-level chemistry specifications have recently been published and there have been substantial changes to the contribution and assessment of practical work.
 
In the case of AQA, a separate endorsement of practical work will be awarded to candidates and written papers will assess the knowledge, understanding and skills exemplified by 12 key practical areas.
(See http://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/specifications/AQA-7405-SP-2015.PDF)
 
The OCR specification contains a defined practical skills module which learners are supposed to complete over the duration of the course. OCR has identified Practical Activity Groups (PAGs) that can contribute to the separate practical endorsement.  
(See http://www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications/as-a-level-gce-chemistry-a-h032-h432-from-2015/)
 
We have mapped these against the resources available on Learn Chemistry so that you can quickly identify suitable practical activities for your needs.
AQA OCR Learn Chemistry resource
 Make up a volumetric solution and carry out a simple acid–base titration Acid base titration http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000536/a-microscale-acid-base-neutralisation
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000432/titration-of-sodium-hydroxide-with-hydrochloric-acid
 
Note: look out for the RSC titration interactive screen experiment in 2015
Measurement of an enthalpy change
 
Enthalpy determination http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000740/exothermic-or-endothermic
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000126/afl-how-can-enthalpy-changes-be-measured
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000437/heating-copper-ii-sulfate
Investigation of how the rate of a reaction changes with
Temperature
  http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000448/the-effect-of-temperature-on-reaction-rate
 
Carry out simple test-tube reactions to identify cations and anions
in aqueous solution
 
Qualitative analysis of ions http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000464/testing-salts-for-anions-and-cations
 
 Distillation of a product from a reaction
 
  http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000754/the-fractional-distillation-of-crude-oil
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000692/extracting-limonene-from-oranges
Tests for alcohol, aldehyde, alkene and carboxylic acid
 
Qualitative analysis of organic functional groups http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000549/the-formation-of-solid-derivatives-of-aldehydes-and-ketones-using-24-dinitrophenylhydrazine-bradys-test
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000553/the-oxidation-of-alcohols
Measuring the rate of reaction:
• by an initial rate method
• by a continuous monitoring method
Rates of reaction – continuous monitoring and initial rates methods http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000449/the-effect-of-concentration-on-reaction-rate
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000744/iodine-clock-reaction
Measuring the EMF of an electrochemical cell
 
Electrochemical cells http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000391/accumulator
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00001158/kitchen-potential
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00001290/make-a-gratzel-cell
Investigate how pH changes when a weak acid reacts with a
strong base and when a strong acid reacts with a weak base
 
  http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00001457/acid-base-solutions
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000703/indicators-and-dry-ice-demonstration
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000422/making-a-ph-indicator
 
Note: look out for the RSC titration interactive screen experiment in 2015
Preparation of:
• a pure organic solid and test of its purity
• a pure organic liquid
 
Synthesis of an organic solid and liquid http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000543/observing-the-lowering-of-a-melting-point
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000287/aspirin
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000056/aspirin
 
Note: look out for the RSC aspirin interactive screen experiment to be launched for the new 2014/15 academic year
Carry out simple test-tube reactions to identify transition metal
ions in aqueous solution
 
  http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000472/properties-of-the-transition-metals-and-their-compounds
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000757/reactions-of-positive-ions-with-sodium-hydroxide-microscale-version
Separation of species by thin-layer chromatography
 
  http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000455/smarties-chromatography
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00001301/chromatography
 
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000291/chemistry-masterclass
  Moles determination
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000452/the-volume-of-1-mole-of-hydrogen-gas
 
  pH measurement
http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000405/testing-the-ph-of-oxides
 
 
To help improve student practical skills and understanding, we have been busy designing an Aspirin synthesis Interactive Screen Experiment (planned release  for the new 2014/15 academic year).  This exciting new resource will enable students to carry out an aspirin synthesis experiment, to purify and analyse their product, and investigate the effect of changing reaction conditions. The students will also get a unique online notebook to save and record their results.

 

By:
Simon Rees, chemistry teaching fellow at Durham University.
Lee Page, Royal Society of Chemistry education executive.







Posted by Lee Page on Jul 11, 2014 1:01 PM GMT
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